AL Amyloidosis

AL amyloidosis is a rare, progressive and typically fatal disease where clonal plasma cells produce light chain proteins that misfold, aggregate and deposit as amyloid in vital organs such as the heart.

It is estimated that there are 60,000 – 120,000 patients worldwide living with Mayo Stage IV AL amyloidosis.

Birtamimab Infographic

Advancing AL Amyloidosis Treatment

Discover how Prothena’s mission to make a real impact for patients is driving the development of a potential new treatment for AL amyloidosis.

Patients with AL amyloidosis can present with a wide range of general symptoms that are common to other conditions such as fatigue, shortness of breath or edema. Current treatment strategies target plasma cells to reduce production of new light chain proteins, but do not address the amyloid already deposited in vital organs. Mortality is driven primarily by cardiac failure. There is an urgent unmet medical need for therapies that improve survival in patients at risk for early mortality due to amyloid deposition. Based on clinical data to date, Mayo Stage IV patients represent approximately 30% of AL amyloidosis patients.

Birtamimab, formerly known as NEOD001, is an investigational monoclonal antibody designed to specifically and selectively target and clear the amyloid that accumulates and causes organ dysfunction and failure in patients with AL amyloidosis.

In preclinical studies, birtamimab has been shown to broadly react with a “cryptic” epitope that is exposed on misfolded kappa and lambda light chains that misfold and form amyloid. Birtamimab has a potential best-in-class depleter mechanism designed to clear pathogenic light chain amyloid in patients with advanced AL amyloidosis. The proposed mechanism of action of birtamimab is to clear amyloid from organs and neutralize soluble aggregates that circulate in the bloodstream.

Birtamimab has been tested in nearly 300 patients with AL amyloidosis at the intended clinical dose of 24 mg/kg and was shown to be generally well tolerated in the clinical studies conducted to date. Birtamimab was previously evaluated in the Phase 3 VITAL Study, a global multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study of newly diagnosed, treatment naïve patients with AL amyloidosis and cardiac involvement. Results from the post hoc analysis of patients categorized as Mayo Stage IV at baseline (n=77) in the VITAL study revealed a significant survival benefit favoring birtamimab in these patients, with 74% of birtamimab-treated patients alive at 9 months versus 49% of patients in the control group.

Birtamimab is the only investigational therapeutic that has shown a significant survival benefit in Mayo Stage IV patients with AL amyloidosis in a placebo-controlled study. Based on multiple in-depth discussions with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding these results, Prothena is advancing birtamimab into the confirmatory Phase 3 AFFIRM-AL study in patients with Mayo Stage IV AL amyloidosis. This registration-enabling study will be conducted with a primary endpoint of all-cause mortality at p≤0.10 under a Special Protocol Assessment (SPA) agreement with FDA.

Birtamimab has been granted orphan drug designation for AL Amyloidosis by both the FDA and the European Medicines Agency and has been granted Fast Track designation by the FDA. Birtamimab is an investigational drug and not approved by any regulatory authority.